DEFINITION OF DYSLEXIA

from International Dyslexia Association 2002

DYSLEXIA IS

        a neurologically-based, often familial, disorder which interferes with the

acquisition and processing of language. Varying in degrees of severity, it is manifested by difficulties in receptive and expressive language, including phonological processing, in reading, writing, spelling, handwriting, and sometimes in arithmetic.

         Dyslexia is not the result of lack of motivation, sensory impairment, inadequate instructional or environmental opportunities, or other limiting conditions, but may occur together with these conditions.

         Although dyslexia is lifelong, individuals with dyslexia frequently respond successfully to timely and appropriate intervention.

FamousDyslexicsPoster2-copy-663x1024_edited.jpg
 

SIGN AND SYMPTOMS

If a person demonstrates 3 or more of these symptoms, further evaluation is recommended. 

 

Preschool

  • delayed speech

  • mixing up the sounds and syllables   in long words

  • chronic ear infections

  • stuttering

  • constant confusion of left versus right

  • late establishing a dominant hand

  • difficulty learning to tie shoes

  • trouble memorizing their address, phone number, or the alphabet

  • can’t create words that rhyme

  • a close relative with dyslexia

In Elementary School

  • dysgraphia (slow, non-automatic handwriting that is difficult to read)

  • letter or number reversals continuing past the end of first grade

  • extreme difficulty learning cursive

  • slow, choppy, inaccurate reading: - guesses based on shape or context - skips or misreads prepositions (at, to, of) - ignores suffixes - can’t sound out unknown words

  • terrible spelling

  • often can’t remember sight words (they, were, does) or homonyms (their, they’re, and there)

  • difficulty telling time with a clock with hands

  • trouble with math - memorizing multiplication tables - memorizing a sequence of steps - directionality

  • when speaking, difficulty finding the correct word - lots of “whatyamacallits” and “thingies” - common sayings come out slightly twisted

  • extremely messy bedroom, backpack, and desk

  • dreads going to school - complains of stomach aches or headaches - may have nightmares about school

In High School

All of the above symptoms plus:

  • limited vocabulary

  • extremely poor written expression - large discrepancy between verbal skills and written compositions

  • unable to master a foreign language

  • difficulty reading printed music

  • poor grades in many classes

  • may drop out of high school

In Adults

Education history similar to above, plus:

  • slow reader - may have to read a page 2 or 3 times to understand it

  • terrible speller

  • difficulty putting thoughts onto paper - dreads writing memos or letters

  • still has difficulty with right versus left

  • often gets lost, even in a familiar city

  • sometimes confuses b and d, especially when tired or sick

 

 

credit:  Susan Barton 

 
IMG_5120.jpeg

MORE RESOURCES


  • understood.com

  • dyslexiaida.org

  • dyslexia.yale.edu

  • dyslexia-reading-well.com

  • homeschoolingwithdyslexia.com

  • Facebook groups like Decoding Dyslexia - Alabama, or Dyslexia Support -for Parents

  • "What is dyslexia?" video  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zafiGBrFkRM